FDM or Fused Deposition Modeling 3D printers are 3D printers that use thermoplastic filaments as a material. In the working principle of FDM 3D printers, the thermoplastic filament is fed through a hot extruder where the plastic becomes soft enough to be fully inserted by the print head. The molten filament is then deposited layer by layer in the printing area to form the workpiece.


·Ideal for additive manufacturing +

·Low cost +

·High resistance +

·Layers on the surface will reveal -

·Tolerances are not as sharp as SLA - 


SLA, ie Stereolithography 3D printers, are 3D printers that use resin as a material. The light coming from the laser light source in the SLA 3D Printer cures the light-sensitive resin poured into the printing chamber of the printer by connecting the molecule chains of the resin, and the 3D model is formed by the curing of the resin.


·Sensitivity down to 50 micron +
·Smooth surface +
·Suitable for complex details and difficult models +
·High production cost -
·Low mechanic resistance and can be affected by UV lights -

Most used materials in FDM production 

Polylactic Acid (PLA)

It can be called the most commonly used filament in 3D printers. The production process is easy. It is an environmentally friendly filament, biodegradable, known to be produced from corn starch or sugar cane.


·Hardness: High

·Flexibility: Low

·Resistance: Medium


·Generally food compatible

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)

Compared to PLA, its mechanical properties are superior, but the production time is longer. This filament can withstand high physical strength and high temperatures.


·Hardness: High

·Flexibility: Medium

·Resistance: High

·Soluble in acetone

·Generally not food compatible.


It can be called a material between PLA and ABS. Its printing resistance to PLA is similar to ABS.


·Hardness: High

·Flexibility: Medium

·Resistance: High


·Generally food compatible 


Polycarbonate filaments can withstand up to 110 ° C and have very good physical strength. Although similar to Plexiglass, pc is a medium flexible material. It allows bending until it deforms. Due to its physical properties, it is ideal for parts that need to retain their strength, toughness and shape in high temperature environments such as mechanical, electrical or automotive parts. Thanks to its optical clarity, it can be used in lighting projects.


·Strength: Very high

·Flexibility: Medium

·Resistance: Very high

·Print temperature: 270 ° C – 310 ° C

·Shrinkage / warp: Noteworthy

·Insoluable: No

·Generally not food compatible

Flex Filament(TPE,TPU,TPC)

Thermoplastic elastomers are plastics with a rubber-like nature. TPE or TPU filaments are preferred if the part needs to be bent, extended or compressed. TPC filament, on the other hand, meets the same purposes, but is used in case of exposure to the sun outside.


·Hardness: Medium

·Flexibility: Very high

·Resistance: Very high

·Insoluable: No

·Food compatible: No


Gray Pro Resin

Gray Pro Resin for Versatile Prototyping Gray Pro Resin provides high precision, medium elongation and low creep. This material is perfect for concept modeling and functional prototyping, especially for parts that will be reworked over and over again. Gray Pro Resin, in general;

•Form and fit test

•Injection molded product prototypes

It is used by plastic, silicone and mold masters.

Rigid Resin

As the name suggests, rigid resin is reinforced with glass material to offer very high hardness and glossy finish. It is highly resistant to deformation. It is suitable for use in thin-walled prints.

Usage areas in general;

•Turbine and fan blades

•Gauges, fixtures and tools,

•They are electrical enclosures and automotive enclosures.

Flexible Resin

Suitable for prototyping parts made with silicone. It has a 50A shore. Ideal for parts to bend and hold that will be stretched in repeated cycles without tearing. In general;

·Wearable and consumer goods prototype

·Medical models and devices

·Compatible features for robotics

·Special effect props and models

·Used in the construction of bellows.

Flexible Resin

Hard flexible parts can be produced in matte black, soft textured parts. It has 80A shore. Usage areas in general,

•Bearing and damping

•Wearable products and consumer products,

It can be used in handles, gaskets and molds.

High Temp Resin

As the name suggests, it offers a heat deflection temperature of 280 ° C @ 0.45MPa. It can be used in prototypes with detailed temperature resistance. Usage areas;

·Hot air, gas and liquid flow

·Heat resistant assemblies, enclosures and fixtures

·Molds and inserts.